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2 edition of EVOLUTIONARY GENOMICS OF PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE PLASMIDS found in the catalog.

EVOLUTIONARY GENOMICS OF PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE PLASMIDS

STAVRINIDES

EVOLUTIONARY GENOMICS OF PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE PLASMIDS

by STAVRINIDES

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  • 4 Currently reading

Published in UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO CELL AND SYSTEMS BIOLOGY PHD. THESIS, 2007 .
Written in English


ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20866791M

Genomic Analysis of Pseudomonas syringae Pathovars: Identification of Virulence Genes and Associated Regulatory Elements Using Pattern-Based Searches and Genome Comparison Pages Lindeberg, M. (et al.). Genome-wide analyses of the effector- and toxin-encoding genes were used to examine the phylogenetics and evolution of pathogenicity amongst diverse strains of Pseudomonas syringae causing bacterial canker of cherry (Prunus avium), including pathovars ae pv morsprunorum (Psm) races 1 and 2, ae pv syringae (Pss) and ae pv.

Genome-based evolutionary history of Pseudomonas spp: Phylogenomics of Pseudomonas spp Article (PDF Available) in Environmental Microbiology 20(6) . Evolution of the core genome of Pseudomonas syringae, a highly clonal, endemic plant pathogen. Appl Environ Microbiol. ;70(4)– Appl Environ Microbiol. ;70(4)– PubMed PubMedCentral Google Scholar.

The International Society for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (IS-MPMI) is comprised of members from more than 30 countries who research molecular aspects of microorganisms interacting with plants and the consequences of such interactions. Disciplines represented by IS-MPMI members include microbiology, nematology, plant pathology, plant breeding, and many more.   Introduction. Pseudomonas syringae is one of the pre‐eminent models for the exploration of plant–microbe interactions in both natural and laboratory systems. The species has played a central role in seminal studies and publications, including the development of the guard hypothesis (Dangl and Jones, ) and the zig–zag model (Jones and Dangl, ) of plant immunity.


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EVOLUTIONARY GENOMICS OF PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE PLASMIDS by STAVRINIDES Download PDF EPUB FB2

Introduction. Pseudomonas syringae is a Gram-negative bacterial phytopathogen responsible for worldwide disease on many crop e a collectively broad pathogenic range for the species, individual isolates of P.

syringae display pathogenic potential on a limited set of plant species and either elicit immune responses, or simply fail to thrive on alternative species –.Cited by: Plasmids are transmissible, extrachromosomal genetic elements that are often responsible for environmental or host-specific adaptations.

In order to identify the forces driving the evolution of these important molecules, we determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the five-plasmid complement of the radish and Arabidopsis pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv.

maculicola ES and conducted Cited by:   Pseudomonas syringae is a common foliar bacterium responsible for many important plant diseases. We studied the population structure and dynamics of the core genome of P. syringae via multilocus sequencing typing (MLST) of 60 strains, representing 21 pathovars and 2 nonpathogens, isolated from a variety of plant hosts.

Seven housekeeping genes, dispersed around the P. syringae genome Cited by: Pseudomonas isolates, much of the phylogenetic, ecological, and host diversity for this plant pathogen remains unexplored.

We provide a phylogenetically comprehensive genomic view of P. syringae with a focus on TTE repertoire evolution. We analyzed data from draft or complete genome sequences of. The first wave of Pseudomonas syringae next-generation genomic studies has revealed insights into host-specific virulence and immunity, genome dynamics and evolution, and genetic and metabolic specialization.

These studies have further enhanced our understanding of type III effector diversity, identified an atypical type III secretion system (T3SS) in a new clade of nonpathogenic P.

syringae Cited by:   José A. Gutiérrez-Barranquero, Francisco M. Cazorla, Antonio de Vicente, EVOLUTIONARY GENOMICS OF PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE PLASMIDS book W. Sundin, Complete sequence and comparative genomic analysis of eight native Pseudomonas syringae plasmids belonging to the pPT23A family, BMC Genomics, /sx, 18, 1, ().

Evolution of the Core Genome of Pseudomonas syringae, a Highly Clonal, Endemic Plant Pathogen Sara F. Sarkar and David S. Guttman* Department of Botany, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Received 15 September /Accepted 15 December Pseudomonas syringae is a common foliar bacterium responsible for many important plant.

Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola, a gram-negative bacterial plant pathogen, is the causal agent of halo blight of bean. In this study, we report on the genome sequence of P. syringae pv. phaseolicola isolate A, which encodes 5, open reading frames (ORFs) on one circular chromosome (5, bp) and two plasmids (, bp bp).

Dynamic evolution of pathogenicity revealed by sequencing and comparative genomics of 19 Pseudomonas syringae Isolates. PLoS Pathog. 7 (7):e [PMC free article] [Google Scholar] Bonomo J, Gill RT. Amino acid content of recombinant proteins influences the metabolic burden response.

Biotechnol Bioeng. 90 (1)–   Pseudomonas syringae is a highly diverse bacterial species complex capable of causing a wide range of serious diseases on numerous agronomically important crops.

We examine the evolutionary relationships of agricultural and environmental strains using whole-genome sequencing and evolutionary genomic analyses.

We describe the phylogenetic distribution of all. Table 1 Genome features for published Pseudomonas syringae genomes Strain Host PG a Genome Length (bp) %GC #ORFs Reference Pto DC Tomato 1 chromosome 6, 5, (8). Abstract. Genomic study of the genus Pseudomonas depends on knowledge of not only chromosomal sequences of the major species comprising the genus, but also the mobile genetic elements (MGEs) that carry key determinants within and between species.

MGEs include plasmids that replicate autonomously in the cytoplasm of their host, temperate phage that can coexist with their host as prophage either. For example Ralstonia solanacearum encodes 72 T3SE [15, 16•] while Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato strain DC expresses 28 T3SE.

An understanding of how the bacteria are evolving to overcome host resistance and what is driving this evolution is crucial for designing robust agricultural strategies to maintain healthy crop plants. Given the large size of the P. syringae pan-genome, the fact that some strains have acquired large plasmids, and the relatively high frequency of horizontal gene transfer in the P.

syringae species complex (Baltrus et al., ; Dillon et al., ), we expect there to be some variation in genome size and coding content of different strains.

Comparative and Evolutionary Genomics of Pseudomonas syringae Shalabh Thakur Department of Cell and Systems Biology Doctor of Philosophy University of Toronto Abstract The Pseudomonas syringae species complex comprises many genetically diverse strains ubiquitously found in both agricultural and non-agricultural environments.

Evolution of copper resistance in the kiwifruit pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae through acquisition of integrative conjugative elements and plasmids.

Environ Microbiol. 19. By clustering Pseudomonas 16S rDNA reads at 99% sequence identity, we could distinguish 56 OTUs (Figure 1B). The 99% threshold resulted in OTU patterns more congruent with a subsequently derived core genome-phylogeny than the more widely used 97% sequence identity ().Thirteen of the 56 OTUs, including the most abundant OTU, OTU5, were classified as P.

viridiflava. The complete genomic sequence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae Ba (Pss Ba) has been determined and is compared with that of P. syringae pv. tomato DC (Pst DC). The two pathovars of this economically important species of plant pathogenic bacteria differ in host range and other interactions with plants, with Pss having a more pronounced epiphytic stage of.

from book Pseudomonas: Volume 1 Genomics, While some Pseudomonas plasmids have been studied in detail is highly related to plasmid pNCPPB of Pseudomonas syringae. Annotations for two new genomes have been added: Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 (courtesy of Ausubel lab, Harvard Medical School) and Pseudomonas syringae phaseolicola A (chromosome, large and small plasmids; downloaded from NCBI).

In addition to the data provided by their respective genome projects, new computational analyses have been.

The phytopathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae causes serious diseases in a wide range of important crop plants, with recent severe outbreaks on the New Zealand kiwifruit crop and among British horse chestnut trees.

Next-generation genome sequencing of over 25 new strains has greatly broadened our understanding of how this species adapts to a diverse range of plant hosts.Plasmids are a major source of horizontal gene transfer among bacteria contributing to their evolution and ecology.

The known collection of plasmids carried by the plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa increases as new strains from different origins and hosts are sampled and sequenced.

Here we performed an extensive comparison of 61 publicly available sequences annotated as plasmids belonging to. Abstract. The foliar plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae can establish large epiphytic populations on leaf surfaces before apoplastic colonization.

However, the bacterial genes that contribute to these lifestyles have not been completely defined. The fitness contributions of 4, genes in P. syringae ae Ba were determined by genome-wide fitness profiling with a randomly .